A Summary of
"My interest in historical archaeology, over the last thirty years and more, has been concerned with culture change -- how relationships perceived in the designs and forms of different sets of artifacts relate to organizing principles that tie a whole society together, and how, over time, these shift. But changes have been taking place within anthropology that appear to impact adversely upon this approach. Remember Kent Flannery's Old Timer, who was forced into early retirement because he believed in culture as the central paradigm in archaeology? This unfortunate event was precipitated by the theoretical shift that has taken place in anthropology, in which explanations for behavior are no longer traced to culture. I find this situation both sad and deeply alarming. Leaving aside the simple fact that behavior can be seen as a product of culture, regardless of the many definitions we choose to employ, such a perspective is a rejection of a century or more of thoughtful insight. Are we really prepared to jettison the works and thoughts of people such as E.B. Tylor, Franz Boas, A.L. Kroeber, Leslie White or Claude Lévi-Strauss, to name but a very few? I think not."
"Of the many definitions of culture put forth since E.B. Tylor, the one I prefer, and find most useful in my work, is that of Walter Taylor, in his 1948 Study of Archaeology. Taylor sees culture as a mental construct, not directly observable, but understandable through its various objectifications, be it ritual practice, social structure, or the m aterial world. It is a definition that permits a structural perspective that I find to be a particularly powerful approach to the study of material culture and cognition. Folklorist Henry Glassie, in his study of folk housing in the Virginia Piedmont, used the methods of structural anthropology (originating with Claude Lévi-Strauss) to analyze and explicate the profound changes worked on the world view of Virginians between the later eighteenth and early nineteenth century. This approach underlies my own studies, both in New England and the Virginian Tidewater from the early seventeenth century, and on the nineteenth century English frontier in South Africa."
Specializations: "Historical archaeology of the Virginian Tidewater, the Eastern Cape frontier of South Africa, and seventeenth century Plymouth Colony, Massachusetts. The greater understanding of culture, cognition, and the impact of mind on the shape, form, and use of the material world. English colonial and post-colonial artifacts and Native American basketry." James Deetz, Dept. of Anthropology, University of Virginia, 2000
Jim Deetz provided a more expansive discussion of these views, and a related consideration of his interpretations of the Parting Ways archaeological site, located in Plymouth, in his 1995 Keynote Address to the Society for Historical Archaeology.
For a more detailed account of Jim Deetz's personal and professional history, see our chronology of his accomplishments, positions, and key events in his life's work. Set out below is our current list of Jim's many publications. If you are aware of an article or other publication that is not listed here, or can expand existing references, please email us the details, so we can add them to this compilation. Special thanks to William B. Lees and Kathryn Crabtree for revisions sent to us.
1977 The Construction and Uses of a Laboratory Archaeological Site. In Experimental Archaeology, Daniel Ingersoll, John E. Yellen and William MacDonald, editors, pp. 252-268. Reprinted from 1964 American Antiquity edition. Columbia University Press, New York.
1958 A Brief History of the Discovery of Neanderthal Man. Papers on Neanderthal Man (Anthropology 202). Manuscript, Department of Anthropology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.
1960 An Archaeological Approach to Kinship Change in Eighteenth Century Arikara Culture. Ph.D. dissertation. Department of Anthropology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.
1960 Excavations at the Joseph Howland Site (C5), Rocky Nook, Kingston, Massachusetts, 1959: A Preliminary Report. Howland Quarterly 24(2&3):1-12.
1960 The Howlands at Rocky Nook: An Archaeological and Historical Study. Howland Quarterly 24(4):1-8.
1962 Abstract of an Archaeological Approach to Eighteenth Century Arikara Kinship Change. Abstracts in New World Archaeology 2, Society for American Archaeology.
1963 Archaeological Investigations at La Purisima Mission. Annual Report of the Archaeological Survey, Department of Anthropology, University of California, Los Angeles, 1962/1963, pp. 161-241.
1963 Style Change in New England Colonial Gravestone Design: An Experiment in "Historic Archaeology" (Archaeological Materials and Techniques). Manuscript, Department of Anthropology, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA.
1964 A Datable Chumash Pictograph from Santa Barbara County, California. American Antiquity 29(4):504-506.
1965 The Dynamics of Stylistic Change in Arikara Ceramics. Illinois Studies in Anthropology, No. 4. University of Illinois Press, Urbana, Il.
1965 Old Tools as New Tools. Anthropology Curriculum Study Project Newsletter 4:6-7. Chicago.
1966 Stone Tools, Anthropology Curriculum Study Project. Excerpt in Origins of Humanness: Patterns in Human History, Edwin Dethlefsen, editor, pp. 74-84. Macmillan & Co., New York.
1967 Invitation to Archaeology. Natural History Press [Doubleday] for The American Museum of Natural History, Garden City, NJ.
1968 Cultural Patterning of Behavior as Reflected by Archaeological Materials. In Settlement Archaeology, Kwang Chih Chang, editor, pp. 31-42. National Press Books, Palo Alto, CA.
1968 The Inference of Residence and Descent from Archaeological Data. In New Perspectives in Archaeology, Lewis R. Binford and Sally Binford, editors, pp. 41-48. Aldine Press, Chicago.
1968 Late Man in North America: Archaeology of European Americans. In Anthropological Archaeology in the Americas, Betty J. Meggers, editor, pp. 121-130. Anthropological Society of Washington, Washington, D.C.
1969 Hunters in Archaeological Perspective. In Man the Hunter, Irven DeVore and Richard Lee, editors, pp. 281-285. Aldine Press, Chicago.
1969 The Reality of the Pilgrim Fathers. Natural History 78(9):32-44.
1970 Archaeology as a Social Science. In Current Directions in Archaeology, Bulletin of the American Anthropological Association 3(3), pt. 2:115-125.
1970 A New World Viewpoint. In Introductory Readings in Archaeology, Brian M. Fagan, editor, pp. 10-13. Little, Brown & Co., Boston.
1970 Prehistoric Social Systems. In Introductory Readings in Archaeology, Brian M. Fagan, editor, pp. 339-347. Little, Brown & Co., Boston.
1971 Must Archaeologists Dig? In Man's Imprint from the Past: Readings in the Methods of Archaeology, James Deetz, editor, pp. 2-9. Little, Brown & Co., Boston.
1971 Late Man in North America: Archaeology of European Americans. In Man's Imprint from the Past: Readings in the Methods of Archaeology, James Deetz, editor, pp. 208-218. Reprint of 1968 edition in Anthropological Archaeology in the Americas. Little, Brown & Co., Boston.
1971 The Changing Historic House Museum: Can it Live? Historic Preservation 23(1):50-54.
1972 Archaeology as a Social Science. In Contemporary Archaeology: A Guide to Theory and Contributions, Mark P. Leone, editor, pp. 108-117. Reprint of 1970 edition in Bulletin of the American Anthropological Association. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
1972 Ceramics from Plymouth, 1620-1835: The Archaeological Evidence. In Ceramics in America, Ian M. G. Quimby, editor, pp. 15-40. University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville.
1974 A Cognitive Historical Model for American Material Culture, 1620-1835. In Reconstructing Complex Societies -- An Archaeological Colloquium, Charlotte B. Moore, editor, pp. 21-29. Supplement to the Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research, 20.
1976 Black Settlement: Plymouth. Archaeology 29(3):207.
1976 What is archaeology? In The Evolution of Human Adaptations: Readings in Anthropology, John J. Poggie, Jr., Gretel H. Pelto, and Pertti J. Pelto, compilers, pp. 26-39. Macmillan, New York.
1977 In Small Things Forgotten: The Archaeology of Early American Life. Doubleday, Anchor Press, New York.
1977 Archaeology as a Social Science. ASA Journal 1(2):5-14. Reprint of 1970 article in Bulletin of the American Anthropological Association.
1977 Material Culture and Archaeology - What's the Difference? In Historical Archaeology and the Importance of Material Things, Leland Ferguson, editor, pp. 9-12. Special Publication Series, 2. Society for Historical Archaeology.
1978 Late Man in North America: Archaeology of European Americans. In Historical Archaeology: A Guide to Substantive and Theoretical Contributions, Robert L. Schuyler, editor, pp. 48-52. Reprint of 1968 article in Anthropological Archaeology in the Americas. Baywood, Farmingdale, NY.
1978 Archaeological Investigations at La Purisima Mission. In Historical Archaeology: A Guide to Substantive and Theoretical Contributions, Robert L. Schuyler, editor, pp. 160-190. Reprint of excerpts of 1963 edition of Annual Report of the Archaeological Survey, Department of Anthropology, University of California, Los Angeles, 1962/1963. Baywood, Farmingdale, NY.
1978 A Cognitive Historical Model for American Material Culture, 1620-1835. In Historical Archaeology: A Guide to Substantive and Theoretical Contributions, Robert L. Schuyler, editor, pp. 284-286. Reprint of 1974 article in Supplement to the Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research. Baywood, Farmingdale, NY.
1979 Plymouth Colony Architecture: Archaeological Evidence from the Seventeenth Century. In Architecture in Colonial Massachusetts: A Conference held by the Colonial Society of Massachusetts, September 19 and 20, 1974, pp. 43-59. The Colonial Society of Massachusetts, Boston [Distributed by the University Press of Virginia].
1980 Other People's Garbage. TV Guide, May 10, 1980:33-34.
1980 Guessing Who Came to Dinner. Canadian TV Guide, May 17, 1980:27-28.
1980 A Sense of Another World: History Museums and Cultural Change. Museum News 58(5):40-45.
1981 The Link from Objects to Person to Concept. In Museums, Adults and the Humanities: A Guide for Educational Programming, Zipporah W. Collins, editor, pp. 24-34. American Association of Museums, Washington, D.C.
1982 Households: A Structural Key to Archaeological Explanation. American Behavioral Scientist 25(6):717-724.
1983 Scientific Humanism and Humanistic Science: A Plea for Paradigmatic Pluralism in Historical Archaeology. In Historical Archaeology of the Eastern United States: Papers from the R.J. Russell Symposium, Robert W. Neuman, editor. Geoscience and Man 23: 27-34.
1983 The Artifact and Its Context. Museum News 62(1):25-26.
1987 Plymouth Colony Room-by-Room Inventories, 1633-1684. Manuscript abstracted in Early American Probate Inventories. Dublin Seminar for New England Folklife Annual Proceedings, vol. 12:182. Boston.
1987 Scientific Humanism and Humanistic Science: A Plea for Paradigmatic Pluralism in Historical Archaeology. In Mirror and Metaphor: Material and Social Constructions of Reality, Daniel W. Ingersoll, Jr. and Gordon Bronitsky, editors, pp. 367-380. Reprint of 1983 article in Geoscience and Man 23: 27-34. University Press of America, Lanham, Maryland.
1987 Harrington Histograms versus Binford Mean Dates as a Technique for Establishing the Occupational Sequence of Sites at Flowerdew Hundred, Virginia. American Archaeology 6(1):62-67.
1988 Invitation to Archaeology. Japanese translation. Tuttle-Mori Agency Inc., Tokyo.
1988 History and Archaeological Theory: Walter Taylor Revisited. American Antiquity 53(1):13-22.
1988 American Historical Archaeology: Methods and Results. Science 239:362-367.
1988 Material Culture and World View in Colonial Anglo-America. In The Recovery of Meaning: Historical Archaeology in the Eastern United States, Mark P. Leone and Parker B. Potter, Jr., editors, pp. 219-233. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.
1989 In Small Things Forgotten: The Archaeology of Early American Life. Reprint of 1977 edition. Doubleday, New York.
1989 Archaeography, Archaeology, or Archeology? American Journal of Archaeology 93(3):429-435.
1989 Foreword. In Cemeteries and Gravemarkers: Voices of American Culture, Richard E. Meyer, editor, pp. ix-xiv. UMI Research Press, Ann Arbor, MI.
1990 Landscapes as Cultural Statements. Prologue in Earth Patterns: Essays in Landscape Archaeology, William M. Kelso and Rachel Most, editors, pp. 1-4. University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville.
1991 Introduction: Archaeological Evidence of Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century Encounters. In Historical Archaeology in Global Perspective, Lisa Falk, editor, pp. 1-9. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.
1992 Foreword. In Cemeteries and Gravemarkers: Voices of American Culture, Richard E. Meyer, editor, pp. ix-xiv. Reprint of 1989 UMI Research Press volume. Utah State University Press, Logan, UT.
1993 Flowerdew Hundred: The Archaeology of a Virginia Plantation, 1619-1864. University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville.
1994 Foreword. In A Chesapeake Family and Their Slaves: A Study in Historical Archaeology, by Anne Elizabeth Yentsch, pp. xviii-xx. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
1995 Flowerdew Hundred: The Archaeology of a Virginia Plantation, 1619-1864. Reprint of 1993 edition. University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville.
1996 In Small Things Forgotten: An Archaeology of Early American Life. Expanded and revised version of 1989 edition, originally published in 1977. Anchor Books, Doubleday, New York.
1997 Introductory Archaeology: An Identity Crisis in the Temple of Doom. In The Teaching of Anthropology: Problems, Issues, and Decisions, Conrad P. Kottak, Jane J. White, Richard H. Furlow, and Patricia C. Rice, editors, pp. 232-238. Mayfield, Mountain View, CA.
1997 Preface. In Archaeology at Monticello, by William M. Kelso, pp. 11-13. Monticello Monograph Series. Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation, Charlottesville.
1998 Discussion: Archaeologists as Storytellers. In Archaeologists as Storytellers, Adrian Praetzellis and Mary Praetzellis, editors. Historical Archaeology 32(1):94-96.
1999 Archaeology at Flowerdew Hundred. In "I, Too, Am America": Archaeological Studies of African-American Life, Theresa A. Singleton, editor, pp. 39-46. University Press of Virginia, Charlottesville.
2000 Rocking the Plymouth Myth. Archaeology 53(6):16-17.
2001 The Times of Their Lives: Life, Love, and Death in Plymouth Colony. Reprint of 2000 W.H. Freeman edition. Anchor Books, Random House, New York.
1971 Some Social Aspects of New England Colonial Mortuary Art. In Approaches to the Social Dimensions of Mortuary Practices, James A. Brown, editor, pp. 30-38. Memoirs of the Society for American Archaeology, 25. American Antiquity 36(3), pt. 2:30-38.
1967 Death's Head, Cherub, Urn and Willow. Natural History 76(3):29-37.
1972 Death's Head, Cherub, Urn and Willow. In Contemporary Archaeology: A Guide to Theory and Contributions, Mark P. Leone, editor, pp. 402-410. Reprint of 1967 edition in Natural History. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale, IL.
1977 The Doppler Effect and Archaeology: A Consideration of the Spatial Aspects of Seriation. In Experimental Archaeology, Daniel Ingersoll, John E. Yellen and William MacDonald, editors, pp. 133-144. Reprint of 1965 article in Southwestern Journal of Anthropology. Columbia University Press, New York.
1977 Death's Head, Cherub, Urn and Willow. In Man's Many Ways: The Natural History Reader in Anthropology, Richard A. Gould, editor, pp. 88-93. Reprint of 1967 edition in Natural History. Harper & Row, New York.
1978 Death's Head, Cherub, Urn and Willow. In Historical Archaeology: A Guide to Substantive and Theoretical Contributions, Robert L. Schuyler, editor, pp. 83-89. Reprint of 1967 edition in Natural History. Baywood, Farmingdale, NY.
1967 Eighteenth Century Cemeteries: A Demographic View. Historical Archaeology 1:40-42.
1977 Death's Heads, Cherubs and Willow Trees: Experimental Archaeology in Colonial Cemeteries. In Passing: The Vision of Death in America, Charles O. Jackson, editor, pp. 48-59. Excerpted from 1966 American Antiquity edition. Contributions in Family Studies, 2. Greenwood Press, Westport, CT.
1998 Experimentación Arqueológica en Cementerio Colonial: Diseños de Calaveras, Querubines y Sauces [cover title "Arqueologia Experimental en Cementerios Coloniales]. Jaime Miasta Gutiérrez, translator, pp. 31-55. Translation of 1966 American Antiquity edition of Death's Heads, Cherubs and Willow Trees: Experimental Archaeology in Colonial Cemeteries. Lecturas "Emilio Choy”, 15. Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Seminario de Historia Rural Andina, Lima, Peru.
1992 The Transformation of British Culture in the Eastern Cape, 1820-1860. Kroeber Anthropological Society Papers 73/74:41-61.
Festschrifts in Honor of James Deetz