William Newland, of Sandwich
1640 16 April 1640 Records 1:149
The Court granted William Newland 6 acres of land in the meadow between Moonoonuscusett and Shaume.
1641 1 June 1641 Records 2:15 William Newland took the oath of fidelity.
At the same Court, Newland is listed in The Grand Enquest, and was "propounded to be admitted freemen the next Court". Although no specific date is given, Newland is named as being a Grand jurymen of Sandwich in 1941 (see Pierce's Colonial Lists (19)).
Newland complained against Thomas Applegate, "in an action of trespasse vpon the case" and asked for damages of 20 pounds. The jury found for Newland, but only granted him 8 pounds damage and the cost of the suit. Newland is also listed as a member of the jury in the case of the Court v. George Bower.
"Richard Burne vndertook & promised to make good & pay al such damage as might happen if Thomas Applegate should by bringing the suite about againe recouer any thinge against William Newland, who this Court hath recoued against the said Applegate viijli damage, and the charges of the suite." See above record.
6 September 1641 Records 7:23
Thomas Applegate complained against William Newland, "in an action of trespas for detayneing certaine swyne". The jury found for Newland and made Applegate pay the charges of the suit.
7 September 1641 Records 2:23
William Newland admitted as a freeman and sworn.
Also at the Court, George Allen and Edward Dillingham are nominated to "apprize the swyne William Newland hath in execucon of Thomas Applegate" so that Applegate may pay Newland. Probably refers to the suit of September 6, 1641 above.
1642 7 June 1642 Records 2:40
Newland is listed as a member of the committee of Sandwich, along with Richard Bourne, Thomas Burges, and Georg Allen. This marks the first reference in the court records concerning his town membership.
1643 In an undated list of 1643, Newland is listed as a male able to bear arms, ranging between the ages of 16 and 60 years. In another list of the same year, he is listed as a freemen of Sandwich.
2 May 1643 Records 2:55
Newland v. William Thomas
Newland made a complaint against William Thomas concerning a matter of a debt of iiijli xs, "which he [Thomas] vndertooke to pay for the towne of Marshfield". Evidently, Thomas preferred to make this payment in the form of a cow given to Thomas Shillingsworth, for "the said Wm Newlands use". Members of the Court were called to appraise the cow so that it could be fairly exchanged between Thomas and Shillingsworth.
6 June 1643 Records 2:57
Newland is listed as a member of the committee of Sandwich, along with Henry Feake.
29 August 1643 Records 2:60
Concerning the case of Newland v. William Thomas, the Court ordered, "by the consent of both parties", that a cow belonging to Thomas, "now in the hands of Christopher Waddesworth, of Duxburrow" be delivered, after appraisal, to Thomas Shillingsworth; and if the cow comes to more than the debt between Thomas and Newland, then Shillingsworth should make up the difference. This record seems only to reiterate the above record of May 2, 1643, only with more elaboration. It also hints at a certain exasperation on the part of the Court, as displayed in the nature of the language of the Court, i.e. the case is "to be fynally decided and ended". Newland is also listed as a member of the committee of Sandwich, along with Henry Feake.
10 October 1643 Records 2:63
Newland is listed as a member of the committee of Sandwich, along with Edward Dillingham.
1644 5 March 1643/1644 Records 2:68
Newland is listed as a "sworne" member of "The Grand Inquest".
5 June 1644 Records 2:73
William Newland is licensed to "draw wine at Sandwich".
20 August 1644 Records 2:75
The Court apparently made an addendum to its licensing of Newland to sell wine, given that Robert Boatfish is licensed to draw wine, and when he is without wine, Newland may sell "to psons for their neede".
1645 3 March 1645 Records 2:94
Newland is listed as a committee member for the town of Sandwich, along with James Skiff.
4 June 1645 Records 2:88
The Court gave permission to Newland to "trayne the townesmen of Sandwich in armes, if the townesmen shall choose him".
1646 7 July 1646 Records 2:104
Newland is listed as a committee member for the town of Sandwich, along with Edmond Freeman.
1647 1 June 1647 Records 2:117
Newland is listed as a committee member for the town of Sandwich, along with Thomas Tupper. Also at this Court, Newland is approved as lieutenant for the town of Sandwich, so that he may exercise the men in arms.
4 December 1647 Plymouth Colony Records: Will & Inventories 1:149
Along with Edward Dillingham, Newland took then inventory of Josepth Holiway.
1648 26 February 1647/1648 Records 12:211
Newland appeared as a part of a committee that purchased Sandwich from
Edmond Freeman for the sum of seventeen pounds. Freeman had purchased the land from governor William Bradford on January 24, 1647/1648 for 16L 19s in commodities. It seems that this committee "required" the right to use this land, thus forcing Freeman to sell. The committee, in turn, granted Freeman parcels of land in Sandwich, in lieu of part of the money owed to Freeman. The committee also included Gorge Allen, John Vincent, Anthony Wright, Robert Botfish, and Richard Bourne.
19 May 1648 Records 8:6
William Newland married Rose Holloway.
1649 16 April 1649 Records 8:8
Mary Newland is born, as listed in the Sandwich registry. Given the date of her birth and her birthplace, she is probably the daughter of William and Rose.
6 June 1649 Records 2:139
Newland is listed as a surveyor for the highways of Sandwich, along with Peter Wright.
7 June 1649 PCR:W & I 1: 175
Newland is a witness to the proving of the will of George Allen the elder, of Sandwich, along with Ralph Allen.
8 June 1649 Records 2:144
Newland is listed as a committee member for the town of Sandwich, along with John Vincent.
8 June 1649 PCR:W & I 1:171-3
Newland, along with William Leveridg, was requested by Gorge Knot to serve as an auditor of Knot's estate upon his death. In this fashion, Newland took an inventory of Knot's estate, but with Edward Dillingham. There is also some discrepancy as to the date being in 1648 or 1649.
1652 3 June 1652 Records 3:11
The Court noted that "the cunstable of Sandwidge, by a warrant, is required to call vpon the leiftenant and William Newland, to traine the milletary companie of Sandwidge. If Newland refused, Peeter Wright was to have taken his place. This training was a part of the trouble with the Indians in Connecticut at the time (see Pierce's (91)).
1653 6 April 1653 Records 3:26
Newland is fined for his absence as a deputy, along with Leift Wyate.
1655 1 May 1655 Records 3:76
In a case between Thomas Burgis and the town of Sandwich, concerning a controversy over property and herring rights, William Newland serves as the agent for Sandwich.
1657 6 October 1657 Records 3:123
Newland was sentenced by the Court to find surties for his good behavior, "for causing or incurraging Tho: Burgis to lett Christopher Holder, one of those called Quakers, to take a coppy of the Gounors warrant, which said warrant required the said holder and his ptener to appeer att Plymouth, and for promising to stand betwixt the said Burgis and any damage that should befall him in the abouesaid respect, and for calling of diuers psons together to his house to the said Quakers". Newland refused to find sureties for his behavior and was committed by the Court "to the custitie of the cheife marshall".
1658 Newland is listed in a 1658 list of freemen, but is marked as being later removed.
2 March 1657/1658 Records 3:130
Newland is released and "sett att libertie" from his imprisonment for the above offense. Evidently, Newland paid a fine to be released.
2 October 1658 Records 3:150
The Court fined Newland "for neglecting to bring his daughters to the Court, according to a warrant directed to him for that end".
3 December 1658 Records 3:154
The Court required that Newland bring his two daughters to Court, "to answare for theire abuseing of the marshall, Barlow, in the execution of his office". This reference probably eludes to the events at the Court of October 6, 1657.
The Court fined Newland nine pounds for attending Quaker meetings eighteen times; his wife was fined ten pounds for attending Quaker meetings twenty times and for entertaining John Copeland, a Quaker, fined nother five pounds.
1659 1 March 1658/1659 Records 3:158
The Court made a memorandum that "William Newland did say in Court, that Gorge Barlow brake vp his house in the night, wherby hee suffered much damage". Again, this probably eludes to the events surrounding the Court of October 6, 1657. Records 8:96
For failing to bring his daughters to Court, Newland is fined forty shillings, twenty of which will go to George Barlow. See December 3, 1658 for further information concerning the case. Newland is also fined ten shillings for telling a lie, although there is no mention as to a case to which this refers.
3 May 1659 Records 7:92
George Barlow complained against Newland, in "an action of defamacon, to the damage of fifty pounds". This suit refers to the charge Newland made in the Court of March 1, 1658/1659. The Court found for Barlow and granted him five shillings damage and the cost of the suit.
7 June 1659 Records 3:167
William Newland is set to be disenfranchised by the Court, along with Henery Howland, of Duxburrow, John Barnes, of Plymouth, and Richard Beare, of Marshfeild.
6 October 1659 Records 3:173
The Court required Gorge Barlow, marshall of Sandwich, to go to the homes of William Newland, Ralph Allin, and Nicolas Davis, and "to make serch in any pte of their houses, or in any the chists or trunkes of the abousd, or elswhere, for any such papers or writinges, and to returene such as they shall soe find, either to the Court, or gour, or some of the Assistants".
At the same Court, a memorandum was given about a case concerning Newland "dealing in an vnder hand way with the Indians about paying for land", saying that further evidence be brought forward. Another memorandum states that Gorge Barlow attached a horse of William Newland's, before he gave notice to him.
Lastly, and most importantly, Newland was disenfranchised of his freedom, along with John Barnes, Henery Howland, and Richard Beare (who did not appear at this Court). Newland and Howland were disenfranchised "for their being abettors and entertainers of Quakers, contrary to the aforsaid order".
1660 8 June 1660 Records 8:99
At this Court, the colony purchased a "mare and coult of William Newland", for the sum of 14 pounds.
13 June 1660 Records 3:191
At this Court, Newland testified that "a message was brought or sent to him by one from Elizabeth Freemen, that affeirmed that Jacob Burgis was drawne to testify that which hee did conserning Barlow, by Benjamin Nye, by feare, as threatened that incase hee would not attend Barlow in his occations against the Quakers, and soe to giue the present euidence, hee should not haue his daughter to wife". Newland's testimony obviously referred to the now longstanding feud between George Barlow and Quaker "sympathizers" such as Newland and Ralph Allin.
2 October 1660 Records 3:200
The Court fined William Newland and his wife ten shillings for attending Quaker meetings. John Newland and his wife were also fined for the same.
Benjamin Nye complained against Newland, "in an action of defamation, to the damage of fifty pounds". Nye's complaint refers to Newland's charges made at the Court of June 13, 1660. The jury found for Nye to the damage of fifty shillings, unless Newland could bring forth Jacob Burgis to testify. Along with this verdict, on October 3, 1661, fifty shillings were arrested from the estate of Newland to satisfy the above damages.
1661 5 February 1660/1661 Records 3:204
Newland's servant, John Baddo, was presented at this Court for running away from his master and for taking a horse along with some other goods. The Court ordered that Baddo be returned to Newland and that his punishment would be a public whipping, "which accordingly was performed". Interestingly, at the same Court, George Barlow obtained a warrant to require the presence of John Newland, most of the Allin family, Richard Kerby, Jr. & Sr. and John Jenkins at Court "for theire tumultuouse carriages against the marshall and cunstable of Sandwich" when they arrested two Quakers.
23 July 1661 Records 3:224
The Court fined Newland ten shillings for refusing to serve on a jury; the Court also fined him ten shillings for permitting Quakers to have a meeting in his house.
1663 25 October 1663 PCR:W & I: 1:404
In the inventory of the estate of Joane Swift, deceased, Newland is due an
item worth 2s 4d.
1664 1 March 1663/1664 Records 7:114
Newland's name is mentioned in a case between Samuell Allin and John Barnes, in which Barnes claimed that "one of William Newlands daughters was with child and that shee layed it to three men . . . [one] was Samuell Allin".
1665 May 1665 Records 4:87-88
Whereas Newland stood in a debt of six score pounds sterling to the children of Josepth Holley, deceased, the Court saw that Newland had fulfilled his debt to the children and was absolved from being bound to the Court. For further detail, see entry.
1675 1June 1675 Records 5:122
Newland is listed as a surveyor of the highways for Sandwich, along with Thomas Gibbs.
1690 No specific date Pierce's Colonial Lists (107)
Pierce's notes that a William Newland served as a private soldier under Capt. Joseph Sylvester in "the expedition of 1690" concerning controversy over a land grant in Maine. We need to be suspicious of this reference. Although William Newland was obviously involved in military operations in and about Plymouth Colony, we need to remember that Newland came over on the 1623 founding voyage.
Wheras by an order of Court all freemen of this corporation, as Quakers or such as are manifest encorragers of such and soe judged by the Court, or such as shall contemptuously speake of the lawes therof, or such as are judged by the Court grosly scandalouse, as lyers, drunkards, swearers, &c, they shall loose their freedom of this corporation.